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Lost Championships 3 points: However, in the s the NCAA ruled that no team could compete in both tournaments. The study is based on data from to that looks at how college tournament standouts performed at the NBA level. Simon says champs were NCAA trendsetters". Sponsored Headlines

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A total of 68 teams qualify for the tournament played during March and April. Thirty-two teams earn automatic bids as their respective conference champions. Of the 32 Division I "all-sports" conferences defined as those that sponsor men's and women's basketball , all 32 currently hold championship tournaments to determine which team receives the automatic qualification.

The Ivy League was the last Division I conference that did not conduct a tournament; through the —16 season, it awarded its tournament berth to the regular-season champion. If two or more Ivies shared a regular-season championship, a one-game playoff or series of such playoffs was used to decide the tournament participant. Since , the league conducts their own postseason tournament. The remaining 36 tournament slots are granted to at-large bids, which are determined by the Selection Committee in a nationally televised event on the Sunday preceding the First Four play-in tournament and dubbed Selection Sunday by the media and fans, by a group primarily of conference commissioners and school athletic directors who are appointed into service by the NCAA.

The committee also determines where all sixty-eight teams are seeded and placed in the bracket. The tournament is divided into four regions and each region has at least sixteen teams, but four additional teams are added per the decision of the Selection Committee. First Four , below. The committee is charged with making each of the four regions as close as possible in overall quality of teams from wherever they come from.

The names of the regions vary from year to year, and are broadly geographic such as "West", "South", "East", and "Midwest". From to , the "Mideast", roughly corresponding to the Southeastern region of the United States , designation was used. From to , the Mideast region was known as "Southeast" and again changed to "South" starting from The selected names roughly correspond to the location of the four cities hosting the regional finals.

From to , the regions were named after their host cities, e. Louis, Missouri , and West Phoenix, Arizona. The selection committee ranks the whole field of 68 teams from 1 to It did not make this information public until The committee then divides the teams amongst the regions. The top four teams will be distributed among the four regions, and each will receive a No. The next four ranked teams will then be distributed among the four regions, each receiving a No.

Carried to its logical conclusion, this would give each region seventeen teams—seeded from No. As can be seen below, the actual seeding depends on among other factors the rankings of the eight teams that the committee selects for the "First Four" opening round see the next paragraph and the "First Four" section below. The selection committee is also instructed to place teams so that whenever possible, teams from the same conference cannot meet until the regional finals.

Additionally, it is also instructed to avoid any possible rematches of regular-season or previous year's tournament games during the First and Second rounds. To comply with these other requirements, the selection committee may move one or several teams up or down one seed from their respective original seed line. In addition, the rankings of the eight teams selected for the "First Four" play-in round will likewise affect the final seedlings.

The bracket is thus established, and during the semifinals, the champion of the top-ranked number 1 seed's region will play against the champion of the fourth-ranked number 1 seed's region, and the champion of the second-ranked number 1 seed's region will play against the champion of the third-ranked number 1 seed's region.

In the men's tournament, all sites are nominally neutral; teams are prohibited from playing tournament games on their home courts prior to the Final Four though in some cases, a team may be fortunate enough to play in or near its home state or city. By current NCAA rules, any court on which a team hosts more than three regular-season games in other words, not including conference tournament games is considered a "home court". However, while a team can be moved to a different region if its home court is being used during any of the first two weeks of the tournament, the Final Four venue is determined years in advance, and cannot be changed regardless of participants.

For this reason a team could potentially play in a Final Four on its home court, though this is unlikely, since the Final Four is staged at venues larger than most college basketball arenas. The most recent team to play the Final Four in its home city was Butler during ; its home court then seated only 10,, as opposed to the 70,plus capacity of Lucas Oil Stadium , the Final Four venue.

The tournament is single-elimination , which increases the chance of an underdog and lower-seeded " Cinderella team" advancing to subsequent rounds. Although these lower-ranked teams are forced to play stronger teams, they need only one win to advance instead of needing to win a majority of games in a series, as in professional basketball. First held during , the First Four are games between the four lowest-ranked at-large teams and the four lowest-ranked automatic-bid conference-champion teams.

During the First Round the Round of 64 , the No. The effect of this seeding structure ensures that the better a team is ranked and therefore seeded , the worse-ranked and presumably weaker their opponents will be. Sixteen first-round games are played on the Thursday following the "First Four" round. The remaining sixteen first-round games are played Friday. At this point the contestants are reduced to 32 teams. The second round consists of Thursday's winners playing in eight games on Saturday, followed by Friday's winners playing in the remaining eight second-round games on Sunday.

Thus, after the first weekend, 16 teams remain, commonly known as the "Sweet Sixteen. Four regional semi-final games are played Thursday and four are played Friday. After Friday's games, 8 teams the Elite Eight remain. Saturday features two regional final games matching Thursday's winners and Sunday's two final games match Friday's winners. After the second weekend of the tournament, the four regional champions are the "Final Four.

The winners of each region advance to the Final Four, where the national semifinals are played on Saturday and the national championship is played on Monday. As is noted above , which regional champion will play which, and in which semifinal they play, is determined by the overall rankings of the four No.

The last time, as of , an independent mid-major team won the National Championship was when Marquette won with a win over North Carolina. However, at the time, a significant minority of NCAA Division I schools were still independents, with several of these, including Marquette, being traditional basketball powers.

Marquette is now a member of the Big East Conference, the one non-football league that is universally considered a major basketball conference. The last time, as of the present day, a mid-major team from a small media market defined as a market out of the top 25 television markets in the United States in won the National Championship was arguably when Cincinnati , then in the MVC, won 71—59 over Ohio State of the Big Ten, since Cincinnati's TV market is listed 35th in the nation as of However, there was much less of a division between "major" and "mid-major" conferences in The two most recent Final Fours have involved a single "mid-major" team by the definition used here—the and tournaments, in which Gonzaga and Loyola—Chicago were respectively involved although Gonzaga is arguably not a "mid-major" team despite its WCC membership, given that the Bulldogs have appeared in every NCAA tournament in the 21st century.

Bonaventure for third place. Below is a table that shows the performance of mid-major teams from the Sweet Sixteen round to the National Championship Game from —the tournament's first year—to This table shows mid-major teams that saw success in the tournament from now-defunct conferences or were independents.

List of schools with the longest time between NCAA tournament appearances minimum year drought:. Through , four schools that were considered "major college" by the Associated Press when it published its first college basketball rankings in , and have been continuously in the AP's "major" classification, have yet to reach the national tournament. While the NCAA did not split into divisions until university and college , the AP has distinguished "major colleges" from "small colleges" throughout the history of its basketball rankings.

The NCAA tournament has changed its format many times over the years, many of which are listed below. After the conclusion of the tournament, there was speculation about increasing the tournament size to as many as teams.

From to , the round of 64 was deemed to be the second round; beginning in , the round of 64 was again deemed to be the first round.

The process of seeding was first used in for automatically qualified Q and at-large L teams respectively, and then for all teams within their respective region in When seeding, the NCAA has used the following names for the four regions with the exception of to when they were named after host cities:.

Bold denotes team also won tournament. To date, only Kentucky and Virginia have had a 1 Seed in each of the four regions. Last updated through tournament. For a list of all the cities and arenas that have hosted the Final Four, go to Host cities , below.

Additionally, Indianapolis has hosted the Final Four seven times, across three venues. From to , the NCAA required that all Final Four sessions take place in domed stadiums with a minimum capacity of 40,, usually having only half of the dome in use. The Metrodome in Minneapolis , which usually hosted baseball and football , had one of the long ends of the court along the first base line with temporary stands surrounding the court so that much of the outfield is isolated from the action.

As of , the minimum was increased to 70,, by adding additional seating on the floor of the dome, and raising the court on a platform three feet above the dome's floor, which is usually crowned for football, like the setup at Ford Field in Detroit which hosted the Final Four.

In September , the NCAA began preliminary discussions on the possibility of returning occasional Final Fours to basketball-specific arenas in major metropolitan areas.

I don't know where this will lead, if anywhere, but the right thing is to sit down and have these conversations and see if we want our championship in more than eight cities or do we like playing exclusively in domes. We don't play on a campus. We play in professional football arenas. Under then-current criteria, only nine stadiums, all but one of which are current NFL venues, could be considered as Final Four locations: Petersburg, Florida —were considered too small to be eligible to host, despite the Alamodome being a college football stadium and having a permanent seating capacity of 65, The basketball setup at the Alamodome prior to used only half of the stadium and had a capacity of 39, This was changed for the Final Four to place a raised court at the center of the stadium as has been done with other football facilities.

In July , the NCAA had a portal available on its website for venues to make Final Four proposals in the — period, and there were no restrictions on proposals based on venue size. Also, the NCAA decided that future regionals will no longer be held in domes. In Katz' report, Lewis indicated that the use of domes for regionals was intended as a dry run for future Final Four venues, but this particular policy was no longer necessary because all of the Final Four sites from to had already hosted regionals.

Prior to , only one team per conference could be in the NCAA tournament. However, after several highly ranked teams in the country were denied entrance into the tournament e. However, in the s the NCAA ruled that no team could compete in both tournaments. Since then, the NCAA tournament has clearly been the major one, with conference champions and the majority of the top-ranked teams participating in it.

A third-place game was held from to Additionally, when the tournament was first held in with only two regionals East and West , the West held a third-place game, but the East did not.

The East began holding its own third-place game in , and from then on every regional held a third-place game through the tournament. Beginning during , the field was expanded from 64 to 65 teams, adding to the tournament what was informally known as the "play-in game.

Originally, the winner of the Mountain West's tournament did not receive an automatic bid, and doing so would mean the elimination of one of the at-large bids. As an alternative to eliminating an at-large bid, the NCAA expanded the tournament to 65 teams.

During , the tournament expanded to 68 teams. Four "play-in" games are now played, officially known as the "First Four". Explaining the reasoning for this format, selection committee chairman Dan Guerrero said, "We felt if we were going to expand the field it would create better drama for the tournament if the First Four was much more exciting.

They could all be on the 10 line or the 12 line or the 11 line. From to , the round consisting of 64 teams and 32 games was called the "first round", while the round consisting of 32 teams and 16 games was called the "second round". From to , the "First Four" became the first round. The round after the "First Four", the round of 64 played on Thursday and Friday, was called the "second round"; the round of 32 was then called the "third round", consisting of games played on Saturday and Sunday.

For the to tournaments, all teams playing at a first- or second-round site fed into the same regional site. Since , the tournament has used the "pod system" designed to limit the early-round travel of as many teams as possible. In the pod system, each of the eight first- and second-round sites is assigned two pods, where each group of four teams play each other.

A host site's pods may be from different regions, and thus the winners of each pod would advance into separate regional tournaments. Since , the semi-final matches during the first day of the Final Four weekend have been determined by a procedure based upon the original seeding of the full field.

From through , the pitting of regional champions in the semi-finals was on a rotational basis. Prior to , one semifinal matched the champions of the eastern regions, and the other matched the champions of the western regions. On several occasions NCAA tournament teams played their games in their home arena. In , Louisville played at its regular home of Freedom Hall ; however, the Cardinals lost to West Virginia in the semifinals.

In , Dayton played its first-round game against Villanova it lost on its home floor. Since the inception of the modern Final Four in , only once has a team played a Final Four on its actual home court—Louisville in But through the tournament, three other teams have played the Final Four in their home cities , one other team has played in its metropolitan area , and six additional teams have played the Final Four in their home states through the tournament.

UCLA had a similar advantage in and when it advanced to the Final Four at the Los Angeles Memorial Sports Arena , not many miles from the Bruins' homecourt of Pauley Pavilion also UCLA's home arena before the latter venue opened in , and again during the season while Pauley was closed for renovations ; unlike Louisville and Cal, the Bruins won the national title on both occasions.

Butler lost the title 6 miles 9. Before the Final Four was established, the East and West regionals were held at separate sites, with the winners advancing to the title game. During that era, three New York City teams, all from Manhattan , played in the East Regional at Madison Square Garden —frequently used as a "big-game" venue by each team—and advanced at least to the national semifinals. The team was put in the East Region, and played its regional games at its home arena Reynolds Coliseum.

NC State played the final four and national championship games at nearby Greensboro Coliseum. While not its home state, Kansas has played in the championship game in Kansas City, Missouri , only 45 minutes from the campus in Lawrence, Kansas , not just once, but four times. In , , and the Jayhawks lost the championship game each time at Municipal Auditorium. Similarly, in , Illinois played in St. Louis, Missouri , where it enjoyed a noticeable homecourt advantage, yet still lost in the championship game to North Carolina.

The NCAA had banned the Bon Secours Wellness Arena , originally known as Bi-Lo Center, and Colonial Life Arena , originally Colonial Center, in South Carolina from hosting tournament games, despite their sizes 16, and 18, seats, respectively because of an NAACP protest at the Bi-Lo Center during the first and second round tournament games over that state's refusal to completely remove the Confederate Battle Flag from the state capitol grounds, although it had already been relocated from atop the capitol dome to a less prominent place in The NCAA argued that House Bill 2 made it "challenging to guarantee that host communities can help deliver [an inclusive atmosphere]".

As a tournament ritual, the winning team cuts down the nets at the end of regional championship games as well as the national championship game. Starting with the seniors, and moving down by classes, players each cut a single strand off of each net; the head coach cuts the last strand connecting the net to the hoop, claiming the net itself.

The loser of the championship game receives a silver-plated National Runner-Up trophy for second place. Since , all four Final Four teams receive a bronze plated NCAA Regional Championship trophy; prior to , only the teams who did not make the title game received bronze plated trophies for being a semifinalist.

The champions also receive a commemorative gold championship ring , and the other three Final Four teams receive Final Four rings. Ostensibly, this award is given for taking the top position in the NABC's end-of-season poll, but this is invariably the same as the NCAA championship game winner. After the championship trophy is awarded, one player is selected and then awarded the Most Outstanding Player award which almost always comes from the championship team.

It is not intended to be the same as a Most Valuable Player award although it is sometimes informally referred to as such. Because the National Basketball Association Draft takes place just three months after the NCAA tournament, NBA executives have to decide how players' performances in a maximum of seven games, from the First Four to the championship game, should affect their draft decisions.

A study for the National Bureau of Economic Research explores how the March tournament affects the way that professional teams behave in the June draft. The study is based on data from to that looks at how college tournament standouts performed at the NBA level. The researchers determined that a player who outperforms his regular season averages or who is on a team that wins more games than its seed would indicate will be drafted higher than he otherwise would have been.

At the same time, the study indicated that professional teams don't take college tournament performance into consideration as much as they should, as success in the tournament correlates with elite professional accomplishment, particularly top-level success, where a player makes the NBA All-Star Team three or more times.

The current contract runs through and, for the first time in history, provides for the nationwide broadcast each year of all games of the tournament. All First Four games air on truTV. CBS had the exclusive rights to the regional finals, also known as the Elite Eight , through That exclusivity extended to the entire Final Four as well, but after the tournament Turner Sports elected to exercise a contractual option for and giving TBS broadcast rights to the national semifinal matchups.

March Madness On Demand would remain unchanged, although Turner was allowed to develop their own service. CBS has been the major partner of the NCAA in televising the tournament since , but there have been many changes in coverage since the tournament was first broadcast in The early rounds, in particular, were not always seen on TV.

Thus, 14 of 32 first-round games were televised. ESPN also re-ran games overnight. During the s, the tournament's popularity on television soared. Only with the introduction of the so-called "play-in" game between the 64 seed and the 65 seed in the s, did ESPN get back in the game and actually, the first time this "play-in" game was played in , the game was aired on TNN , using CBS graphics and announcers.

Most areas saw only eight of 32 first-round games, seven of 16 second-round games, and four of eight regional semifinal games out of the possible 56 games during these rounds; there would be some exceptions to this rule in the s. Coverage preempted regular programming on the network, except during a 2-hour window from about 5 ET until 7 ET when the local affiliates could show programming. During this period of near-exclusivity by CBS, the network provided to its local affiliates three types of feeds from each venue: Constant feeds remained primarily on a given game, and were used primarily by stations with a clear local interest in a particular game.

Despite its name, a constant feed occasionally veered away to other games for brief updates as is typical in most American sports coverage , but coverage generally remained with the initial game. A swing feed tended to stay on games believed to be of natural interest to the locality, such as teams from local conferences, but may leave that game to go to other games that during their progress become close matches.

On a flex feed, coverage bounced around from one venue to another, depending on action at the various games in progress. If one game was a blowout, coverage could switch to a more competitive game. A flex feed was provided when there were no games with a significant natural local interest for the stations carrying them, which allowed the flex game to be the best game in progress.

Station feeds were planned in advance and stations had the option of requesting either constant or flex feed for various games. In , DirecTV began broadcasting all games otherwise not shown on local television with its Mega March Madness premium package. Prior to that, all games were available on C-Band satellite and were picked up by sports bars. In , CBS struck a deal with Yahoo! In , March Madness On Demand was made free, and continued to be so to online users through the tournament.

Those that do not have a cable or satellite service or one not participating in Turner's TV Everywhere are restricted to games carried on the CBS national feed and three hours originally four of other games without sign-in, or coverage via Westwood One 's radio coverage. Effective with the tournament, the national semifinals and final are under TV Everywhere restrictions if they are aired by Turner networks; before then, those particular games were not subject to said restrictions.

These were the second games in the daytime session in the Pacific Time Zone , to avoid starting games before 10 AM. In other markets, newscasts, local programming or preempted CBS morning programming are aired.

CBSSN is scheduled to continue broadcasting the official pregame and postgame shows and press conferences from the teams involved, along with overnight replays. Local stations broadcasting in both digital and analog had the option of airing separate games on their HD and SD channels, to take advantage of the available high definition coverage.

Beginning in , all games in the tournament including all first and second-round games were available in high definition, and local stations were required to air the same game on both their analog and digital channels. However, due to satellite limitations, first round "constant" feeds were only available in standard definition.

As of , ESPN International holds international broadcast rights to the tournament, distributing coverage to its co-owned networks and other broadcasters. Florida Gulf Coast Before this breakthrough, five other 16 seeds lost by 4 or fewer points:. As noted above, despite numerous instances of early-round tournament upsets, only one No. However, while seeding is one way of measuring the impact of an upset, prior to the implementation of seeding, point spread was the better determinant of an upset, and a loss by a highly favored team remains for many the definition of "upset".

Three times twice since the field expanded to 64 teams the Final Four has been without a No. Since , there have been 4 instances of three No. There have been eight occasions seven times since the field expanded to 64 that the championship game has been played between two No. Since there have been 18 instances of one No. The following teams entered the tournament ranked No. The team's record here refers to their record before the first game of the NCAA tournament. The NCAA tournament has undergone dramatic expansion since , and since the tournament was expanded to 48 teams in , no unbeaten teams have failed to qualify.

As, by definition, a team would have to win its conference tournament, and thus secure an automatic bid to the tournament, to be undefeated in a season, the only way a team could finish undefeated and not reach the tournament is if the team is banned from postseason play; as of , no team banned from postseason play has finished undefeated since Other possibilities for an undefeated team to fail to qualify: Before that, there were occasions on which a team achieved perfection in the regular season, yet did not appear in the NCAA tournament.

There have been nine times in which the tournament did not include the reigning champion the previous year's winner:. Rick Pitino is the only coach to have officially taken three different teams to the Final Four: Providence , Kentucky , , and Louisville Point differentials, or margin of victory, can be viewed either by the championship game, or by a team's performance over the whole tournament.

Seven times the championship game has been tied at the end of regulation. On one of those occasions the game went into double and then triple overtime. Since the inception of the team tournament in , each seed-pairing has played games in the Round of 64, with the following results:.

Florida 3 , Arizona 2 Final Four Location: Kansas 2 , Kentucky 1 Final Four Location: Indiana 2 , Cincinnati 4 Final Four Location: Duke 2 , Illinois 1 Final Four Location: Duke 2 , Arizona 1 Final Four Location: Rupp Arena, Lexington, Ky. Virginia 7 , Kentucky 1 Final Four Location: Georgia 4 , Louisville 1 Final Four Location: Houston 6 , Louisville 3 Final Four Location: Virginia 1 , 4th: Purdue 6 , 4th: Iowa 5 Final Four Location: Market Square Arena, Indianapolis.

Notre Dame Final Four Location: Charlotte Final Four Location: Rutgers Final Four Location: Syracuse Final Four Location: San Diego Sports Arena.

Kansas Final Four Location: Providence Final Four Location: Louisville Final Four Location: Los Angeles Sports Arena. New Mexico State, 4th: Bonaventure Final Four Location: North Carolina Final Four Location: Freedom Hall, Louisville, Ky. Houston Final Four Location: Utah Final Four Location:






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81 rows · The complete list of NCAA basketball champions, beginning with the University of Oregon's victory over Ohio State in The Official Website of the NCAA, part of Turner Sports Digital, part of the Turner Sports & Entertainment Digital Network. The most comprehensive coverage of . 81 rows · The National Collegiate Athletic Association (NCAA) Men's Division I .